Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 2 (CRPS Type 2) is a severely painful response to a peripheral nerve injury. CRPS Type 2 is characterized by severe, burning pain affecting a specific area as a result of the nerve injury. CRPS Type 2 is a differentiation of CRPS Type 1 which is a similar condition with some key differences. One distinguishable characteristic is that CRPS Type 2 does not migrate from the original site of injury like CRPS Type 1.
CRPS Type 2 is caused by trauma to a large nerve usually in the peripheral nervous system. This trauma can be from a simple injury or something more severe. As the disease progresses there is often loss of function from the affected area. Skin and nails are among the areas that may become damaged by CRPS Type 2. Pain from CRPS Type 2 is manageable at first but generally develops a resistance to pain medicines.
Symptoms of CRPS Type 2
When a person has CRPS Type 2 they will experience a continuous sense of pain either as burning or aching. These symptoms are also accompanied by sweating, discoloration of the affected area, and heightened sensitivity to pain. Pain from CRPS Type 2 can become worse over time and easier to manage if treated during the early stages of its development.
CRPS Type 2 also causes other symptoms such as a change in the rate of hair and nail growth. The joints of the affected area are likely to stiffen and dysfunction. The affected area becomes sensitive to touch and may also develop an increase in temperature like a localized fever. Swelling also occurs along with these symptoms.
CRPS Type 2 Treatments
The treatment plan for CRPS Type 2 will depend on many factors. Among the things considered are the severity of the disease, the level of dysfunction, and the severity of pain. The type and location of injury will also be an important factor along with the patient’s age and pre-existing medical conditions. Physicians will also question a patient about their treatment history to understand if the patient might have sensitivities to any of the possible treatments.
In general, CRPS Type 2 is treated using a chronic pain regimen. This means that the main focus of the treatment is to help the patient manage the severe pain of the condition. Other treatments for CRPS Type 2 are exercise therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nerve blocks, neuromodulation, surgery, and neuroablation. One of the more advanced treatments of CRPS Type 2 is neurostimulation of the spinal cord for treating unresolved neuropathic pain.
Minor Type 2 Symptoms
There are also more simple techniques to help relieve minor symptoms such as hot or cold packs for soreness and swelling. Analgesic topical creams are sometimes used to help minimize pain and loosen stiff joints. Warm baths are also recommended to treat minor cases of the condition. When these are not enough, physicians can resort to more advanced forms of treatment.
A procedure called transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is sometimes used to send electrical impulses along nerves to alleviate the swelling and pain from CRPS Type 2. There is also another procedure that involves inserting electrodes along the spinal column. The electrodes are used to administer a burst of electricity that relaxes stiff muscles and eases nerve pain.
If a person’s case of CRPS Type 2 is diagnosed early, then the condition can often be managed successfully. There is also a higher likelihood of remission from the disease if treatment is started quickly after its development. The highest risk results from not receiving a diagnosis until after symptoms have progressed to later stages.
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